Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine ) is the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. When the grapes are used for winemaking, it is also known as viniculture.
Duties of the viticulturist include: monitoring and controlling pests and diseases,fertilizing,canopy management, monitoring fruit development and characteristics ,deciding when to harvest and vine pruning during the winter months. Viticulturists are often intimately involved with winemakers, because vineyard management and the resulting grape characteristics, provide the basis from which winemaking can begin.
Fertilizers can be placed into the categories of organic fertilizers (composed of plant or animal matter), or inorganic fertilizers (made of simple,non-carbonaceous chemicals or minerals).
'Organic' fertilizers are composed of 'naturally' occurring compounds such as peat manufactured through natural processes (such as composting)or naturally occurring mineral deposits; At Galafrey we use a combination of Cow Manure, Humus and organic PK plus some liquid Fertilizer composing of sea kelp.
Properly applied, organic fertilizers can improve the health, and productivity of soil and plants as they provide different essential nutrients intended to encourage plant growth. Organic nutrients increase the abundance of soil organisms, which aid plants in absorbing nutrients
The purpose of pruning is to shape the plant by controlling or directing plant growth, to maintain the health of the plant, or to increasethe yield or quality of flowers and fruits.